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REMEMBERING QUAID-E-AZAM (25 December 1876—11 September 1948 – A SHORT DOCUMENTARY

  • KIPS Bureau
  • Dec, 2017
  • 61
  • CSS

WHO IS QUAID-E-AZAM?

A politician, lawyer and first governor general of Pakistan

While mentioning about the principal actors who led to the establishment of Pakistan, his name comes first in every mind

HIS POLITICAL CAREER

Although Quaid-e-Azam joined Congress in 1906 but his true political career started when he joined Muslim League in 1913

He was given the title of ‘Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity’ but the slogan of unity happened to be temporary

The failure of Khilafat Movement in 1919 and the Nehru Report 1928 changed the mind of Jinnah

Later on, he defended the Muslim cause whose manifestation is the establishment of Pakistan

HIS CAREER AS A LAWYER

He was the youngest person who became a barrister in India at the age of nineteen

After acquiring education from London, he shifted to Bombay from Karachi because the crème of lawyers was based there

He practiced in civil, criminal and high courts.

He also practiced in Privy Council of Commonwealth and for this reason high-ranking political leader Pherozeshah gave him his case.

ROLE IN FREEDOM MOVEMENT

Muslims’ freedom struggle for a separate homeland  in the subcontinent started after the  atrocities by Congress Rule during 1937-39

Jinnah reorganized the Muslim League after the deplorable defeat of Muslim League in 1937 elections.

Jinnah’s Presidential address on March 22, 1940 was a hallmark in the history of Muslim nationalism.

This organization of League united the Muslim of the whole subcontinent which was evident in the remarkable victory of 1945-46 elections.

After this victory, the British decided to divide the subcontinent.

QUAID-E-AZAM AND PAKISTAN’S IDEOLOGY

He gave practical shape to the ideology given by Allama Iqbal

After Nehru Report 1928, he became a firm believer of Two-Nation Theory

He wanted to establish a democratic system in Pakistan based on the Islamic principles.

Islamic ideology was the basis of the struggle

FAMOUS QUOTES OF QUAID

“Hindus and Muslims though living in the same towns and villages had never been blended into one nation. They were always two separate entities”

“Pakistan not only means freedom and independence but the Muslim ideology also has to be preserved”

“No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you”

QUAID-E-AZAM AS A GOVERNOR-GENERAL

He became the first Governor-General of Pakistan on 15th August 1947 and remained as Governor-General for thirteen months till his death

He immediately nominated the members of the Federal cabinet to run the government affairs

The Act of 1935 was amended and enforced as interim constitution as there was no constitution available and Karachi was made the capital of Pakistan

A committee was set up under Chaudhary Muhammad’s leadership to re-organize civil service

During his period, he paid utmost attention to Foreign Policy and managed to develop healthy relations with the neighboring countries

He did not get much time to serve the country. Despite his critical health condition he kept on working to strengthen Pakistan and passes away on 11th September, 1948.

QUAID’S STANCE ON KASHMIR

He believed that without Kashmir Pakistan in incomplete

He tried his best to free Kashmir from illegal Indian occupation through vociferous condemnations of Indian atrocities and demanded a peaceful settlement of the dispute on Kashmir

WORDS ABOUT JINNAH

I BELIEVE NO POWER CAN BUY MR. JINNAH  (GANDHI)

JINNAH WAS NOT JUST LEADER OF MUSLIMS BUT WHOLE OF INDIA (JASWANT SINGH)

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