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GENERAL KNOWLEDGE

  • Muntaha Azhar
  • Jan, 2018
  • 102
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MONARCHIAL POLITICS OF SAUDI ARABIA

SaudiArabia is an absolute monarchy which was established in 1932 by King Abd-al-Aziz and readopted by the royal decree in 1992 which states that the king must comply with the Holy Quran. Hence the rule of Saudi Arabia remains in Muslim hands with King Salman of Saudi Arabia is the incumbent monarch whoascended the throne after King Abdullah in January,2015. The monopoly over the political power is held by the Al Saud dynasty which is the richest family of Saudi Arabia. According to an estimation in 2016, King Salman had a net worth of US $17 billion.

ECONOMIC FACTS OF SAUDI ARABIA

Saudi Arabia is a semi-developed country with Arabs have a good standard of services.

2 to 4 million Saudis have a monthly income of about $530 a month which is considered the poverty line in Saudi Arabia

A number of excellent schools are available representing a feature of the First world country but it also has a few features of Third world too

The country has 266 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, according to OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries)

Saudi oil reserves will last for 70 years

It has $776 billion GDP (Gross Domestic Product)

Being a billionaire is a commonplace in Saudi Arabia having seven billionaires among the top billionaires of the world

CULTURE OF SAUDI ARABIA

As all versions of Islam suggest a women to dress modestly, women wear abaya in most of the areas of the kingdom

Saudi men and boys wear the traditional dress called thobe

THING ALLOWED / NOT ALLOWED IN SAUDI ARABIA

The legal system of Saudi Arabia is based on Shariawith strict interpretation of the Holy Quran

The sources of Sharia include Quran, Sunnah and Islamic scholarly consensus (Ijma)

This is applicable on all, even the king must comply with Sharia

All Muslims are not allowed to eat pork, along with it Suadis also expect from the non-Muslim teachers to abide by this rule

Only Halal food is allowed to enter the country

Polygamous marriages are legally recognized in Saudi Arabia as Islam allows Muslim men to take up to four wives

Saudi Arabia has a legally imposed dress code according to which women are supposed to wear a headscarf and an ankle long dresses

It is illegal to produce, import or consume alcohol in Saudi Arabia having strict punishments for those who make or drink alcohol

Women travelling alone are not allowed to enter Saudi Arabia unless they will be met by a male relative at airport

CURRENT SCENARIO

The world is observing a paradigm shift in the Saudi politics that is because of new young crown prince in Saudi Arabia under whose order women are allowed to drive, in September 2017, which is a major breakthrough in Saudi law. Saudi Arabia has adopted harsher approach towards Iran as evident from itsmoves like pressing the Lebanese Prime Minister, Saad Al Haririto resign in order to weaken National Unity Government with Iran-backed Hezbollah as its coalition partner in Lebanon. Hariribeing under pressure resigned on 4th November, 2017 but later on, he took his resignation back. Saudi Arabia is also holding talks in Cairo with Saudi allies on confronting Iran and its Lebanese Shi'ite ally Hezbollah. Along with it, Saudi government has renewed massive bombing campaign in Yemen's capital, Sana'a, against Iran -backed Houthis.

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