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Israel’s Growing Defense Ties with Asia

  • Alvite Ningthoujam
  • Sep, 2019
  • 349
  • Jews arms sales

REALPOLITIK BRINGS ISRAEL CLOSER TO SOUTHEAST AND EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES.

After having established successful bilateral relationships with countries like China, Singapore, and India over the last two decades, Israel is making unrelenting efforts to expand its footprints in select Southeast Asian (particularly Vietnam, Myanmar, the Philippines, and Thailand) and East Asian countries (Japan and South Korea). The realpolitik and strategic interests of both sides have been instrumental in bringing the ties closer than ever before. The long-term goal for Israel is to translate its economic and gradually growing defense cooperation with these counties into political partnerships.

No longer do the anti-Israeli sentiments in some of these Southeast Asian countries, out of support for the Palestinian issue, remain an obstacle to promoting cooperation with Israel. The visit of an Indonesian trade delegation to Israel in early July this year (in the absence of official diplomatic relations), for instance, is a testimony to the growing bonhomie between Israel and the region. Even in the recent past, barring a few protests (particularly in Malaysia and Indonesia) condemning Israel’s excessive use of force during its military operations and handling of the Palestinian issue in general, Southeast Asia has been relatively silent, with negligible anti-Israel rhetoric. It is this lukewarm response that has created fertile ground for Israel to embolden its relations with these Asian nations.

Continuing Israel’s politico-diplomatic move to strengthen bilateral ties with the region, Israeli President Reuven Rivlin visited South Korea from July 14-18 of this year and discussed various facets of ties, including trade, education, healthcare, and regional security. While this visit was economic in nature, during which both sides called for the early signing of a free trade agreement, the Israeli president did not miss out on the opportunity to endorse Israel-made missile defense systems to the South Korean side.

Such high-level visits, including Filipino President Rodrigo Duterte’s arrival in Israel in early September 2018, have become a trend in recent times. Of all the discussions and agreements signed during such exchanges, the military component of their bilateral cooperation has attracted considerable attention. It increasingly appears that Israel has gradually emerged as one of Asia’s preferred sources for defense items.

Over the last few years, the military dimension of Israel-Southeast/East Asian ties has very become prominent. This is demonstrated by the fact that the Asia-Pacific region has remained the largest destination for Israel’s defense exports for the last six years. Of Israel’s total global arms exports in 2018 (worth $7.5 billion), 46 percent were purchased by Asia-Pacific countries. Further, the recent report by SIPRI not only mentioned Israel as the world’s eighth largest arms exporter but also indicated that Vietnam has become one of the three largest Israeli arms clients between 2014-2018 (along with Azerbaijan and India). This growing defense trade is crucial for Israel, mainly for funding its defense research and development (R&D) programs, but also for ensuring an uninterrupted flow of foreign earnings coming into the country.

Moreover, with a limited scope for the consumption of its own defense products internally, Israel is on a constant look-out for clients elsewhere, and Southeast Asia has become a lucrative market. Beside aircraft and related systems upgrades, missile and antimissile systems, border protection equipment, early-warning systems, intelligence equipment, and military aviation components are the most sought-after Israeli-made items. In 2018, missile and missile defense systems alone accounted for 24 percent of Israel’s total defense exports, UAVs and their radar systems for 15 percent, electronic warfare systems and radar 14 percent, communication and intelligence-related systems 6 percent.

Southeast Asia’s current military modernization and indigenization programs, territorial disputes and internal discord, and the rising phenomenon of radical extremism and militancy (for instance, the Mindanao crisis in May-October 2017), and related counterterrorism measures have facilitated the entry of Israel as an important arms exporter to the region. Added to this is the problem of aging weapons systems in Southeast Asia, which leads its countries to seek alternative means of both upgrades and imports. This is where the military-technological advancements achieved by various Israeli defense companies in upgrading and manufacturing a wide range of sophisticated weapons systems have caught the attention of defense planners, particularly in Vietnam, the Philippines, and Myanmar.

A few of the aforementioned Southeast Asian countries have openly ma...

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